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The WASP's predecessors, the Women's Flying Training Detachment (WFTD) and the Women's Auxiliary Ferrying Squadron (WAFS) organized separately in September 1942.
This was just after the WAFS had started their orientation in Wilmington, Delaware.Cochran returned to the United States on September 10, 1942, as the new organization was being publicized, and immediately confronted Arnold for an explanation. Cochran and Love's squadrons were thereby established separately.Arnold claimed ignorance and blamed the ATC staff, in particular George's chief of staff, Col. The 319th Women's Flying Training Detachment (WFTD) at the Municipal Airport (now Hobby Airport) in Houston, Texas, with Cochran as commanding officer, and the Women's Auxiliary Ferrying Squadron, the 2nd Ferrying Group at New Castle (Delaware) Army Air Base (now New Castle Airport).But he essentially promised the command to Cochran, should such a force be needed in the future. They flew the Royal Air Force's frontline aircraft—Spitfires, Typhoons, Hudsons, Mitchells, Blenheims, Oxfords, Walruses, and Sea Otters—in non-combat roles, but in combat-like conditions. To those most involved within the new Ferrying Division of the Air Transport Command (ATC), the numbers were painfully obvious. He decided to integrate a civilian force of female pilots into the AAF, after speaking with Major Robert M. Convinced of the feasibility of the program by Mrs. Cochran had committed to go to Great Britain in March 1942 for the trial program of female pilots with the ATA.Most of these women served in the ATA during the war. Love, who had a Commercial Pilot License, he asked her to draw up a proposal, unaware that Arnold had shelved a similar proposal by Tunner's superior, Maj. She used her association with the President and Mrs.They flew over 60 million miles in every type of military aircraft.
Over 25,000 women applied; however, only 1,074 were accepted into the WASPs.
By the summer of 1941, Florida native Jacqueline "Jackie" Cochran and test-pilot Nancy Harkness Love had independently submitted proposals to the U. Army Air Forces (the forerunner to the United States Air Force) to use women pilots in non-combat missions after the outbreak of World War II in Europe. This period led to the dramatic increase in activity for the U. Army Air Forces, because of obvious gaps in "manpower" that could be filled by women.
Their motivation was to free male pilots for combat roles by employing qualified female pilots to ferry aircraft from factories to military bases, and to tow drones and aerial targets. "Hap" Arnold, commander of the USAAF, had turned down both Love's 1940 proposal and that of the better connected and more famous Cochran, despite the lobbying by Eleanor Roosevelt. was not yet fighting in World War II, Cochran had gone to England to volunteer to fly for the Air Transport Auxiliary (ATA). After the attack on Pearl Harbor, to compensate for the manpower demands of the military, the government encouraged women to enter the workforce to fill both industrial and service jobs supporting the war effort. Tunner was in charge of acquiring civilian ferry pilots.
The WAFS each had an average of about 1,400 flying hours and a commercial pilot rating.
They received 30 days of orientation to learn Army paperwork and to fly by military regulations.
Unlike the WAFS, the women that reported to Houston did not have uniforms and had to find their own lodging.