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The Latin adjective pūnicus, a variant of the word "Phoenician", is reflected in English in some borrowings from Latin—notably the Punic Wars and the Punic language.
300), was translated into Latin and later into Greek.The neighborhood, with its houses, shops, and private spaces, is significant for what it reveals about daily life there over 2100 years ago.The remains have been preserved under embankments, the substructures of the later Roman forum, whose foundation piles dot the district.The apocryphal queen Dido is regarded as the founder of the city, though her historicity has been questioned.According to accounts by Timaeus of Tauromenium, she purchased from a local tribe the amount of land that could be covered by an oxhide.The open-air Carthage Paleo-Christian Museum has exhibits excavated under the auspices of UNESCO from 1975 to 1984.
is an n-stem, as reflected in the English adjective Carthaginian.
The city's location made it master of the Mediterranean's maritime trade.
All ships crossing the sea had to pass between Sicily and the coast of Tunisia, where Carthage was built, affording it great power and influence.
The Roman city was again occupied by the Muslim conquest of the Maghreb, in 698.
The site remained uninhabited, the regional power shifting to the medina of Tunis in the medieval period, until the early 20th century, when it began to develop into a coastal suburb of Tunis, incorporated as Carthage municipality in 1919.
"New City") was the centre or capital city of the ancient Carthaginian civilization, on the eastern side of the Lake of Tunis in what is now the Tunis Governorate in Tunisia.